Instructor:
Andrej Cherkaev
Department of Mathematics JWB Office 225 University of Utah Email: cherk@math.utah.edu Tel : +1 801  581 6822 

The course discusses homogenization and structural optimization. These topics are closely connected: both are dealing with PDE with fast variable coefficients. The focus of the course is the optimization of properties of inhomogeneous bodies by varying their structures.
I. We start with the theory of homogenization which will be taught from the book by Bensoussan, Lions, and Papanicolaou, plus from recent research papers.
Fishes (by Esher) 
=>  Homogenized Fishes 
The homogenization is the natural procedure to describe processes in complicated structures with known microstructures. It allows to replace a highly inhomogeneous medium with an equivalent homogeneous material, to estimate the norm of fluctuations of fields, etc. We also formulate the central problem of structural optimization about "the best" geometrical composition of the structure. 
Homogenization reduces the original problem to a problem which is doable, and this simplified problem reflects most of important features of the original one. The coefficients of homogenized equations significantly depend on the structure. If the structure is unknown , we can only determine the bounds of the coefficients, that are independent of the structure. 
II. The optimization of structures naturally follows the previous topic.
We give an introduction to the optimization theory, optimal control, necessary
conditions, minimizing sequences.
Then several structural optimization problems are discussed, such as the maximization of the stiffness of a structure, a game between the load and the structure, structures of optimal composites . Finally, we will discuss "suboptimal" projects that are much simpler than the truly optimal ones, and possess almost the same cost. Applications include: structural optimization of electroconducting and mechanical constructions, phase equilibrium and phase transition, the biological systems, which are both structured and rational. 
The course is addressed to graduate students in math, science, and engineering.
Several topics for course projects will be suggested. Most welcome are the students own projects.
Text for I semester:
I semester
 
Introduction:
Part 1. Problems with one independent variable. One dimensional homogenization. Introduction to optimal control

Part 2. Homogenization and control in PDE. Homogenization of elliptic PDE
Control of systems described by elliptic PDE.
Homogenization of parabolic and hyperbolic equations.

II semester
 
Quasiconvexity.
Bounds.

Part 4. Structural Optimization . Variational problems
Various optimization problems.
