Matrix laminates do not have enough parameters to represent the variety of materials that simultaneously conducts several substances, like heat, electricity, diffusive liquids, or electromagnetic composites. For these problems, we must consider a type of microstructures with more structural parameters.
The more general optimal microstructures are the sequences of ``coated spheres'' called multicoated spheres (Milton). These structures consist of sequences of concentric spherical layers that are filled with two materials in alternating order. The properties of these isotropic structures are controlled by the relative thickness of the alternating layers.
Structure of "Multicoated matrix laminates"
Structure of "Multicoated spheres"