Diffusions of multiplicative cascades


A multiplicative cascade can be thought of as a randomization of a measure on the boundary of a tree, constructed from an iid collection of random variables attached to the tree vertices. Given an initial measure with certain regularity properties, we construct a continuous time, measure-valued process whose value at each time is a cascade of the initial one. We do this by replacing the random variables on the vertices with independent increment processes satisfying certain moment assumptions. Our process has a Markov property: at any given time it is a cascade of the process at any earlier time by random variables that are independent of the past. It has the further advantage of being a martingale and, under certain extra conditions, it is also continuous. For Gaussian independent increment processes we develop the infinite-dimensional stochastic calculus that describes the evolution of the measure process, and use it to compute the optimal Hölder exponent in the Wasserstein distance on measures. We also discuss applications of this process to the model of tree polymers.

Stochastic Process. Appl.
Tom Alberts
Tom Alberts
Associate Professor of Mathematics
University of Utah