A locally adaptive transformation method of boundary correction in kernel density estimation


Kernel smoothing methods are widely used in many research areas in statistics. However, kernel estimators suffer from boundary effects when the support of the function to be estimated has finite endpoints. Boundary effects seriously affect the overall performance of the estimator. In this article, we propose a new method of boundary correction for univariate kernel density estimation. Our technique is based on a data transformation that depends on the point of estimation. The proposed method possesses desirable properties such as local adaptivity and non-negativity. Furthermore, unlike many other transformation methods available, the proposed estimator is easy to implement. In a Monte Carlo study, the accuracy of the proposed estimator is numerically analyzed and compared with the existing methods of boundary correction. We find that it performs well for most shapes of densities. The theory behind the new methodology, along with the bias and variance of the proposed estimator, are presented. Results of a data analysis are also given.

J. Statist. Plann. Inference
Rohana J. Karunamuni
Rohana J. Karunamuni
Professor of Mathematics and Statistics
University of Alberta
Tom Alberts
Tom Alberts
Associate Professor of Mathematics
University of Utah