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NAME DGERFS - improve the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error bounds and backward error esti- mates for the solution SYNOPSIS SUBROUTINE DGERFS( TRANS, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDAF, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS INTEGER IPIV( * ), IWORK( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), AF( LDAF, * ), B( LDB, * ), BERR( * ), FERR( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * ) PURPOSE DGERFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error bounds and backward error esti- mates for the solution. ARGUMENTS TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose = Tran- spose) N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. A (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) The original N-by-N matrix A. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). AF (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAF,N) The factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U as computed by DGETRF. LDAF (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices from DGETRF; for 1<=i<=N, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). B (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). (LDX,NRHS) X (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by DGETRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bounds for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution, FERR(j) bounds the magnitude of the largest entry in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest entry in X(j). The quality of the error bound depends on the quality of the estimate of norm(inv(A)) computed in the code; if the estimate of norm(inv(A)) is accu- rate, the error bound is guaranteed. BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any entry of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). WORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (3*N) IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value PARAMETERS ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.