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NAME CHETD2 - reduce a complex Hermitian matrix A to real sym- metric tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity transfor- mation SYNOPSIS SUBROUTINE CHETD2( UPLO, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, INFO ) CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDA, N REAL D( * ), E( * ) COMPLEX A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ) PURPOSE CHETD2 reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real sym- metric tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity transfor- mation: Q' * A * Q = T. ARGUMENTS UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the Hermitian matrix A is stored: = 'U': Upper triangular = 'L': Lower triangular N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading n-by-n upper triangular part of A con- tains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper tri- angular part of A is not referenced. On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal of A are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over- written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimen- sion of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). D (output) REAL array, dimension (N) The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: D(i) = A(i,i). E (output) REAL array, dimension (N-1) The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'. TAU (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further Details). INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. FURTHER DETAILS If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v' where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau in TAU(i). If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v' where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i+2:n,i), and tau in TAU(i). The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples with n = 5: if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L': ( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d ) ( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d ) ( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d ) ( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d ) ( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d ) where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).