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NAME CGTRFS - improve the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is tridiagonal, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution SYNOPSIS SUBROUTINE CGTRFS( TRANS, N, NRHS, DL, D, DU, DLF, DF, DUF, DU2, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER INFO, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS INTEGER IPIV( * ) REAL BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * ) COMPLEX B( LDB, * ), D( * ), DF( * ), DL( * ), DLF( * ), DU( * ), DU2( * ), DUF( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * ) PURPOSE CGTRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is tridiagonal, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution. ARGUMENTS TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose) N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. DL (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) subdiagonal elements of A. D (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The diagonal elements of A. DU (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) superdiagonal elements of A. DLF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A as computed by CGTTRF. DF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N) The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A. DUF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The (n-1) elements of the first superdiagonal of U. DU2 (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2) The (n-2) elements of the second superdiagonal of U. IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices; for 1 <= i <= n, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). IPIV(i) will always be either i or i+1; IPIV(i) = i indi- cates a row interchange was not required. B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). X (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CGTTRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bounds for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution, FERR(j) bounds the magnitude of the largest entry in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest entry in X(j). The quality of the error bound depends on the quality of the estimate of norm(inv(A)) computed in the code; if the estimate of norm(inv(A)) is accu- rate, the error bound is guaranteed. BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any entry of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) RWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value PARAMETERS ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refine- ment.