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## Updating and accessing histogram elements

There are two ways to access histogram bins, either by specifying an @math{x} coordinate or by using the bin-index directly. The functions for accessing the histogram through @math{x} coordinates use a binary search to identify the bin which covers the appropriate range.

Function: int gsl_histogram_increment (gsl_histogram * h, double x)
This function updates the histogram h by adding one (1.0) to the bin whose range contains the coordinate x.

If x lies in the valid range of the histogram then the function returns zero to indicate success. If x is less than the lower limit of the histogram then the function returns GSL_EDOM, and none of bins are modified. Similarly, if the value of x is greater than or equal to the upper limit of the histogram then the function returns GSL_EDOM, and none of the bins are modified. The error handler is not called, however, since it is often necessary to compute histogram for a small range of a larger dataset, ignoring the values outside the range of interest.

Function: int gsl_histogram_accumulate (gsl_histogram * h, double x, double weight)
This function is similar to gsl_histogram_increment but increases the value of the appropriate bin in the histogram h by the floating-point number weight.

Function: double gsl_histogram_get (const gsl_histogram * h, size_t i)
This function returns the contents of the ith bin of the histogram h. If i lies outside the valid range of indices for the histogram then the error handler is called with an error code of GSL_EDOM and the function returns 0.

Function: int gsl_histogram_get_range (const gsl_histogram * h, size_t i, double * lower, double * upper)
This function finds the upper and lower range limits of the ith bin of the histogram h. If the index i is valid then the corresponding range limits are stored in lower and upper. The lower limit is inclusive (i.e. events with this coordinate are included in the bin) and the upper limit is exclusive (i.e. events with the coordinate of the upper limit are excluded and fall in the neighboring higher bin, if it exists). The function returns 0 to indicate success. If i lies outside the valid range of indices for the histogram then the error handler is called and the function returns an error code of GSL_EDOM.

Function: double gsl_histogram_max (const gsl_histogram * h)
Function: double gsl_histogram_min (const gsl_histogram * h)
Function: size_t gsl_histogram_bins (const gsl_histogram * h)
These functions return the maximum upper and minimum lower range limits and the number of bins of the histogram h. They provide a way of determining these values without accessing the gsl_histogram struct directly.

Function: void gsl_histogram_reset (gsl_histogram * h)
This function resets all the bins in the histogram h to zero.

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